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Vision Impairment

What is vision impairment?

Vision impairment is defined as a limitation of one or more functions of the eye or visual system.

The most common vision impairments affect the sharpness or clarity of vision (visual acuity), the normal range of what you can see (visual fields) or colour.

Legal blindness in Australia means that someone with vision impairment, even with glasses or contact lenses, can see an object at 6 metres that someone without vision impairment could see from 60 metres. This is called 6/60 vision. (source: www.ridbc.org.au)

What causes vision impairment?

Causes of vision impairment can include:

  • Genetic conditions
  • Maternal infections experienced during pregnancy (e.g., rubella, cytomegalovirus, venereal diseases, toxoplasmosis)
  • Consequences of disease (e.g., diabetes, glaucoma, trachoma)
  • Complications associated with extreme prematurity
  • Birth complications
  • Trauma, poisoning and tumours
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Ageing and age-related conditions such as macular degeneration, cataracts and optic nerve atrophy

Where can I find more support and information?

Causes of vision impairment can include:

  • Genetic conditions
  • Maternal infections experienced during pregnancy (e.g., rubella, cytomegalovirus, venereal diseases, toxoplasmosis)
  • Consequences of disease (e.g., diabetes, glaucoma, trachoma)
  • Complications associated with extreme prematurity
  • Birth complications
  • Trauma, poisoning, and tumours
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Ageing and age-related conditions such as macular degeneration, cataracts and optic nerve atrophy
- See more at: http://www.ridbc.org.au/blindness#sthash.B2qaFxN6.dpuf

Causes of vision impairment can include:

  • Genetic conditions
  • Maternal infections experienced during pregnancy (e.g., rubella, cytomegalovirus, venereal diseases, toxoplasmosis)
  • Consequences of disease (e.g., diabetes, glaucoma, trachoma)
  • Complications associated with extreme prematurity
  • Birth complications
  • Trauma, poisoning, and tumours
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Ageing and age-related conditions such as macular degeneration, cataracts and optic nerve atrophy

- See more at: http://www.ridbc.org.au/blindness#sthash.B2qaFxN6.dpufCauses of vision impairment can include:

Genetic conditions
Maternal infections experienced during pregnancy (e.g., rubella, cytomegalovirus, venereal diseases, toxoplasmosis)
Consequences of disease (e.g., diabetes, glaucoma, trachoma)
Complications associated with extreme prematurity
Birth complications
Trauma, poisoning, and tumours
Diabetic retinopathy
Ageing and age-related conditions such as macular degeneration, cataracts and optic nerve atrophy

- See more at: http://www.ridbc.org.au/blindness#sthash.B2qaFxN6.dpuf

Causes of vision impairment can include:

  • Genetic conditions
  • Maternal infections experienced during pregnancy (e.g., rubella, cytomegalovirus, venereal diseases, toxoplasmosis)
  • Consequences of disease (e.g., diabetes, glaucoma, trachoma)
  • Complications associated with extreme prematurity
  • Birth complications
  • Trauma, poisoning, and tumours
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Ageing and age-related conditions such as macular degeneration, cataracts and optic nerve atrophy
- See more at: http://www.ridbc.org.au/blindness#sthash.B2qaFxN6.dpuf

Causes of vision impairment can include:

  • Genetic conditions
  • Maternal infections experienced during pregnancy (e.g., rubella, cytomegalovirus, venereal diseases, toxoplasmosis)
  • Consequences of disease (e.g., diabetes, glaucoma, trachoma)
  • Complications associated with extreme prematurity
  • Birth complications
  • Trauma, poisoning, and tumours
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Ageing and age-related conditions such as macular degeneration, cataracts and optic nerve atrophy
- See more at: http://www.ridbc.org.au/blindness#sthash.B2qaFxN6.dpuf

Vision impairment is defined as a limitation of one or more functions of the eye (or visual system).

The most common vision impairments affect:

  • The sharpness or clarity of vision (visual acuity)
  • The normal range of what you can see (visual fields)
  • Colour


Legal blindness in Australia means that someone with vision impairment, even with glasses or contact lenses, can see an object at 6 metres that someone without vision impairment could see from 60 metres. This is called 6/60 vision.

Normal vision is 6/6 vision (or 20/20 in imperial measures).

- See more at: http://www.ridbc.org.au/blindness#sthash.B2qaFxN6.dpuf

Vision impairment is defined as a limitation of one or more functions of the eye (or visual system).

The most common vision impairments affect:

  • The sharpness or clarity of vision (visual acuity)
  • The normal range of what you can see (visual fields)
  • Colour


Legal blindness in Australia means that someone with vision impairment, even with glasses or contact lenses, can see an object at 6 metres that someone without vision impairment could see from 60 metres. This is called 6/60 vision.

Normal vision is 6/6 vision (or 20/20 in imperial measures).

- See more at: http://www.ridbc.org.au/blindness#sthash.B2qaFxN6.dpuf

Vision impairment is defined as a limitation of one or more functions of the eye (or visual system).

The most common vision impairments affect:

  • The sharpness or clarity of vision (visual acuity)
  • The normal range of what you can see (visual fields)
  • Colour


Legal blindness in Australia means that someone with vision impairment, even with glasses or contact lenses, can see an object at 6 metres that someone without vision impairment could see from 60 metres. This is called 6/60 vision.

Normal vision is 6/6 vision (or 20/20 in imperial measures).

- See more at: http://www.ridbc.org.au/blindness#sthash.B2qaFxN6.dpuf

National

The Royal Blind Society - www.rbs.org.au

Australian Deaf, Hearing Impaired & Friends Online -  www.adhfonline.com

Blind Citizens Australia - www.bca.org.au   

Royal Blind Society - www.rbs.org.au

Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children - www.ridbc.org.au

Vision Australia - www.visionaustralia.org

Blind Sporting Council -www.blindsport.com.au

CRS Australia (National) - www.crsaustralia.gov.au                                                            

Glaucoma Australia - www.glaucoma.org.au                                                                       

Queensland

Disability Action Group Force Inc- (07) 4661 8624                                                             

Guide Dogs for the Blind Association of Queensland- www.guidedogsqld.com.au          

LifeTec Queensland -  www.lifetec.org.au                                                                          

Narbethong State Special School - www.narbethongspecs.eq.edu.au                              

Retina Australia (QLD) Inc - www.retinaaustralia.com.au                                                  

Sporting Wheelies and Disabled Sport and Recreation Association of Queensland Inc - www.sportingwheelies.org.au

Department of Education - education.qld.gov.au/studentservices/learning/disability/statewideservices/index.html

Victoria

Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind www.rvib.org.au

Blind Citizens Australia - www.bca.org.au                                                                         

Guide Dog Association of Victoria (HQ) - www.guidedogsvictoria.com.au                        

Pets As Therapy - (03) 9854 4444                                                                                      

Retina Australia (Vic) Inc - www.retinaaustralia.com.au                                                    

Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital - www.eyeandear.org.au

Vision Australia (Victoria) - www.visionaustralia.org.au                                                     

Vision Australia Library - 1300 654 656 (Toll free outside Melbourne)                                

NSW

Guide Dog Association of NSW and ACT - www.guidedogs.com.au                                 

Macular Degeneration Foundation Australia Limited - www.mdfoundation.com.au

Retina Australia (NSW) Inc - www.retinaaustralia.com.au                                                 

Vision Australia (NSW) - www.visionaustralia.org                                                              

South Australia

South Australian Royal Society for the Blind www.rsb.org.au

CanDo4Kids Townsend House Inc - www.cando4kids.com.au                                         

Guide Dogs SA.NT - www.guidedogs.org.au                                                                      

Retina Australia (SA) Inc -  www.retinaaustralia.com.au                                                    

Northern Territory    

Northern Territory Bowlers Association – (08) 8985 5695

Vision Australia - www.visionaustralia.org

Guide Dogs SA.NT - Northern Territory Vision Resources - www.guidedogs.org.au        

Tasmania

Guide Dog Association of Tasmania - www.guidedogstas.com.au                                   

RPH Print Radio Tasmania Inc - www.7rph.org.au

Royal Tasmanian Society for the Blind and Deaf - www.guidedogstas.com.au/    

Western Australia

Association for the Blind of WA Inc & Guide Dogs WA - www.abwa.asn.au                     

Senses Foundation (Inc) - www.senses.asn.au                                                                 

ACT

Canberra Blind Society Inc - www.canberrablindsociety.org.au                                         

Canberra Glaucoma Support Group - www.glaucoma.org.au                                            

Retina Australia (ACT) Inc - www.retinaaustralia.com.au                                                   

Assistance Animals

Seeing Eye Dogs Australia – www.seda.visionaustralia.org

Vision Australia - www.visionaustralia.org

Assistance Dogs Australia - www.assistancedogs.org.au

Guide Dog Association of NSW and ACT - www.guidedogs.com.au

Guide Dogs SA and NT - www.guidedogs.org.au/vision-services

Royal Guide Dog Association of Tasmania - www.humananimalinteraction.org.au/royal_guide_dogs_association_of_tasmania

Guide Dog Association of Victoria (HQ) - www.guidedogsvictoria.com.au                       

Pets As Therapy- (03) 9854 4444                                                                                      

Guide Dog Association of Tasmania - www.guidedogstas.com.au

Association for the Blind of WA Inc & Guide Dogs WA - www.abwa.asn.au                    

New Braille Mobile Phone

Ownfone - www.ownfone.com.au/

An article on Ownfone - www.probonoaustralia.com.au/news/2014/07/aussie-launch-braille-mobile-phone

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